Design elements include lettering, borders, and even illustrations.
First, of course, are the inscriptions where lettering styles are an important consideration. Some dealers may have limited selection of styles of lettering available. Others can provide virtually unlimited choices of type styles. Some dealers charge a flat fee for all inscriptions, while others may charge you "by the letter".
Borders and other decorations are often done as flat carvings, in which shapes are carved into the stone at a uniform depth. Some dealers may be able to create shaped carvings, which provide a more realistic three-dimensional image, usually for an additional cost.
Monuments can be highly personalized by adding scenes, symbols and even portraits to the monument. These
can be applied in two ways: